Built in 1873, George Street United Church is the oldest Methodist church in St. John’s, NL. Designed by Elijah Hoole, it is a stone church built in the Gothic Revival style of architecture. This designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
Statement of Significance
Formal Recognition Type
Registered Heritage Structure
George Street United Church was designated a Registered Heritage Structure by the Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador in 2000 due to its aesthetic and historic value. George Street United Church has aesthetic value as it is a fine example of a modified Gothic Revival church. Constructed of local stone quarried from the Southside Hills, the entire building is sheathed in concrete. Despite this, many typical Gothic elements remain intact including the pointed arch lancet windows and the large stained glass windows. Furthermore, the interior of this church is aesthetically valuable for its well-preserved woodwork. The exposed timber hammerbeam roof of the nave is a typical Gothic element. George Street United Church has further aesthetic value for its association with British architect, Elijah Hoole. Hoole was a well-known architect whose other works included Gower Street United Church in St. John’s. Furthermore, George Street United Church was built by local master builder William Campbell and locally known mason Richard Atwill. George Street United Church has historic value as the oldest Methodist Church in St. John’s. Built in 1873, George Street United Church is one of the only churches in the downtown area to survive the Great Fire of 1892. This church is also historically valuable because on August 5, 1874 it was the site of the Organizational Assembly of the First Methodist Conference. Up until this point, Newfoundland had been a district of the Conference of Eastern British America. Reverend George Mulligan, who as Superintendent Minister of the St. John’s circuit was the principal minister of George Street Church, was elected first President of the new conference at this meeting. Source: Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador property file “St. John’s – George Street United Church – FPT 1480”
Character Defining Elements
All those elements that are representative of the ecclesiastical Gothic Revival style of architecture, including: -number of storeys; -steep gable roof; -hammerbeam roof; -kicked eaves; -turrets at west end of church; -stone construction; -concrete sheathing; -cruciform layout; -size, style, trim and placement of wooden windows; -size, style, trim and placement of stained glass windows; -size, style, trim and placement of exterior wooden doors; -interior woodwork, and; -dimension, location and orientation of building.
Location and History
City of St. John's
130 George Street
19700101 - 19700101
Elijah Hoole, Richard Atwill, William Campbell