Winterholme National Historic Site is a large, Queen Anne Revival-style residence located on a landscaped urban corner lot at 79 Rennie’s Mill Road in St. John’s.
Statement of Significance
Formal Recognition Type
City of St. John's Heritage Building, Structure, Land or Area
Winterholme was designated a Municipal Heritage Building because it is a fine example of the conservative approach to the Queen Anne Revival Style in domestic architecture. Its heritage value resides in the physical attributes illustrating a conservative example of the eclectic, picturesque Queen Anne Revival style, typical of grand homes in late nineteenth-century Atlantic Canada. Winterholme was built by the Horwood Lumber Company in 1905-1907 as a residence for Sir Maramaduke Winter (1857-1936). Source: City of St. John’s, meeting held 1987/06/05
Character Defining Elements
All elements that define the building’s Queen Anne design including: -the classically inspired, 3-bay facade organized around a central porch; -the slightly asymmetrical definition of each bay as a distinct identity with its own roof line, roof details, vertical forms and horizontal depths; -the steep, truncated, wood-shingled roof; -the wooden clapboard exterior finish; -the eclectic incorporation of historical motifs and features including; -the classical porch supported by colonnettes and crowned with a decorated pediment; -the curved, projecting end bay, one under a conical roof and one under a gable roof; -the heavy classical cornice; -the use of varied window forms (bow, curved and flat-headed); -the decorative ironwork crenellation on a second floor bow window; -the whimsical repetition of features and motifs in pairs with each paired element in a slightly different form (two articulations of curved window forms, two articulations of gables of different sizes, two iterations of a floral motifs); -varied exterior textures (shingles, wooden clapboarding, projecting string courses, curved clear glass, stained glass); -stacked chimneys at each end of the roof; -the symmetrical ground floor plan with principal rooms organized; along a central axis; -the varied interior footprint and fenestration of each room; and, -size, dimensions and location of the building.
Location and History
City of St. John's
079 Rennie's Mill Road
19700101 - 19700101
Horwood Lumber Company, William F. Butler
H - Shape