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Payne House Registered Heritage Structure

Payne House, Harbour Grace, NL
Payne House, Harbour Grace, NL
Payne House, Harbour Grace, NL

Statement of Significance

Formal Recognition Type

Registered Heritage Structure

Description of Historic Place

The Payne House is a two-and-a-half storey, mid-19th century row house with a mid pitch gable roof. It is located on Water Street in Harbour Grace, NL. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Payne House was designated a Registered Heritage Structure by the Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador in 1999 due to its aesthetic and cultural value.

The Payne House has aesthetic value because it is a well preserved example of a mid-19th century row house. Constructed in 1856 this home was built on a stone foundation on three sides, and with wooden braces at the rear. The steeply pitched gable roof is set off on the rear façade by the scotch dormer that overlooks Harbour Grace harbour. Having survived the Great Fire of 1944 this house stands as a testament to quality craftsmanship. The house maintains many original features, including the 6/6 windows, the front door and all exterior mouldings. Unique features, like the transom and the inset panels and mouldings over the front door give this house a distinctive 19th century flavour. The house represents a once typical style that is fast disappearing from the Newfoundland landscape.

The Payne House has cultural value because it is representative of mid-19th century domestic living. In 1900 the owners at the time, Ernest and May Sheppard, opened a cooperage business. Ernest made barrels in outbuildings directly below the house at the water’s edge and sold them from there. The orientation of the house and its location at the water’s edge show the importance of coopering in relation to the fishing industry, particularly in Harbour Grace during the prosperous 1900s.

Source: Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador property file “Harbour Grace - Payne House – FPT 1564”

Character Defining Elements

-Steeply pitched gable roof
-Wooden shingles
-Narrow clapboard
-Stone foundation
-6/6 windows
-mouldings, panels
-original wood panel front door
-transom
-scotch dormer
-location
-orientation
-dimensions
-location at water’s edge
-row house connection

Location and History

Community Harbour Grace
Municipality Town of Harbour Grace
Civic Address 151 Water Street
Significant 1856 - 1856
Architect
Hutchings Brothers
Builder
Hutchings Brothers
Style 19th Century Vernacular
Building Plan Square