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St. Bonaventure's College (Mullock Hall) Registered Heritage Structure

St. Bonaventure's College, St. John's, NL
St. Bonaventure's College, St. John's, NL
St. Bonaventure's College, St. John's, NL

Statement of Significance

Formal Recognition Type

Registered Heritage Structure

Description of Historic Place

St. Bonaventure’s College (Mullock Hall) is part of a larger complex of Roman Catholic ecclesiastical buildings located on Bonaventure Avenue in St. John’s, NL. Built of stone, the building is influenced by the Gothic Revival style. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

St. Bonaventure’s College was designated a Registered Heritage Structure by the Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador in 1989 due to its historic, cultural and aesthetic value.

St. Bonaventure’s College has historic value as one of the earliest collegiate schools for Roman Catholic boys in St. John’s. The original St. Bonaventure’s College was in the adjoining and earlier building, The Monastery, but by the early 20th century St. Bonaventure’s College had become well established and was in need of more space. Mullock Hall was constructed in 1907-1908 to accommodate the growing number of students. This addition, now known as St. Bonaventure's, was named in tribute to the school’s founder Bishop Mullock.

St. Bonaventure’s College also has historic value for its association with political and cultural leaders such as Sir Edward Morris and Sir Michael Cashin as well as countless Rhodes Scholars and religious scholars. Furthermore, St. Bonaventure’s College is historically valuable as the first school in St. John’s to institute an annual sports day.

St. Bonaventure’s College has cultural value as one of the most well-known educational facilities in St. John’s. The College evokes a sense of a time and place when religion and education were synonymous with one another. Furthermore, St. Bonaventure and its graduates stand as a testament to tradition and community. Many former students made significant contributions to the community of St. John’s and the province. Since 1999 St. Bon’s has been operating as a private kindergarten to grade twelve Catholic school.

St. Bonaventure’s College has aesthetic value as an example of the Gothic Revival style of architecture. The building features a number of Gothic elements including pointed arch windows and quoining at the corners of the building. There is a Classical pediment in the centre of the building with a rounded window. St. Bonaventure’s College is valuable for its associations with local architect Jonas Barter who later worked on renovations of the Basilica of St. John the Baptist.

St. Bonaventure’s College has further aesthetic value for its location in St. John’s. The College is located in the centre of the city and is one of a number of buildings that create a complex of ecclesiastical buildings in this area. Furthermore, it is a landmark in St. John’s and contributes to its skyline, as it is located on the top of a hill and next to the Basilica of St. John the Baptist.

Source: Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador property file “St. John's - St. Bonaventure's College (Mullock Hall) - FPT 1647”

Character Defining Elements

All those elements that define the building's Classical Revival style, including:
-pointed arch windows and doorways;
-classical pediment in centre of Mullock Hall;
-stone construction;
-keystone motif around windows;
-window style and position;
-general massing and number of stories; and
-location, orientation and dimensions.

Location and History

Community St. John's
Municipality City of St. John's
Civic Address 2A Bonaventure Avenue
Construction 1907 - 1908
Jonas Barter
Michael Keough
Style Gothic Revival
Building Plan Rectangular Long Façade
Website Link