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Pickersgill Premises Registered Heritage Structure

Pickersgill Premises, Salvage, NL
Pickersgill Premises, Salvage, NL
Pickersgill Premises, Salvage, NL

Statement of Significance

Formal Recognition Type

Registered Heritage Structure

Description of Historic Place

Pickersgill Premises includes two two-storey, early 20th century, steep gable style houses, two stores, a stable and an outhouse. This grouping of buildings is located in Salvage, NL. The designation includes two houses and all outbuildings on the property.

Heritage Value

Pickersgill Premises was designated a Registered Heritage Structure by the Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador in 1997 because of its aesthetic and historic value.

Pickersgill Premises has aesthetic value because it is a good example of an early twentieth century fishing premises complete with outbuildings. The two houses, significant for their saltbox design, are some of the oldest in the community and have been virtually unaltered structurally since they were built. Traditional elements of these homes include their symmetrical facades and back porch, typical of Newfoundland outport construction during that era. In a region where the lowering of roofs became a common practice, these houses escaped the trend and have retained their steep gables which are representative of early 1900s construction. The outbuildings on the property are equally as interesting for their simple design and usage. Fitting their utilitarian uses, these structures are uncomplicated in design and exterior detailing. Each is sheathed in narrow wooden clapboard painted a red ochre colour, typical of traditional Newfoundland outbuildings. The large store, which was used for a variety of purposes including boat building, was originally a two storey home that was cut down to one storey and converted in to a workspace.

Pickersgill Premises has further aesthetic value due to its grouping and placement within the community of Salvage. The point on which these buildings are situated is directly across from the rest of the community and separated by a body of water. The location is quite dramatic and serves as a visible landmark from any point in the harbour. The composition and condition of these buildings is a reminder to the community of what the small fishing outports of Bonavista Bay would have looked like in the early 1900s.

Pickersgill Premises has historic value for the community of Salvage because of the people who lived there. Sandy Dunn, son of original owner Andrew Dunn, became manager of the first co-op fish plant in Salvage. Additionally, he and his wife operated a lobster cannery on the point. These two operations were important to the community as they created many jobs for the residents of the area. James Burden is also historically significant in the area because, in addition to a variety of other skills, he built the schooner Laverock, which participated in the Labrador fishery.

Source: Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador property file “Salvage - Pickersgill Premises - FPT 1669”

Character Defining Elements

All elements that define the age and vernacular design of the houses including:
-steep gable roof
-narrow wooden clapboard
-corner boards
-symmetry of front façade
-size, shape and location of windows
-size, shape and location of doors
-original windows and doors
-size shape and location of linhay on rear facade
-lack of exterior decoration typical of early 20th century outport houses
-dimensions and location of houses within the community
-green space surrounding houses and outbuildings

All original features that define the outbuildings' simple vernacular design including:
-existing roof styles including a shed roof, low pitched roof and a steep gable roof;
-narrow wooden clapboard;
-location and style of windows;
-location and dimensions of doors;
-lack of exterior decoration;
-dimensions and location of outbuildings in relation to the houses; and,
-uniform red ochre colour typical of traditional Newfoundland outbuildings.

All elements that define this premises as a landmark including:
-its location within the community
-its visibility from the harbour

Location and History

Community Salvage
Municipality Town of Salvage
Construction 1912 - 1914
James Burden and Andrew Dunn
Style 20th Century Vernacular
Building Plan Rectangular Long Façade