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Heber John Abbott House Registered Heritage Structure

Heber John Abbott House, Bonavista, NL
Heber John Abbott House, Bonavista, NL
Heber John Abbott House, Bonavista, NL

Statement of Significance

Formal Recognition Type

Registered Heritage Structure

Description of Historic Place

Heber John Abbott House is a two storey, hipped roof, full-studded house located on Cape Shore Road in Bonavista Bay, NL. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building

Heritage Value

Heber John Abbott House was designated a Registered Heritage Structure by the Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador in 1995 because it has aesthetic and historic values.

Heber John Abbott House has aesthetic value because it is an early example of a full studded hipped roof home. The decorative elements of the windows add character to an otherwise simple structure. The house is typical of 19th century construction when the use of wide cornerboards, narrow clapboard and a single entrance were common features. It is typical of the earliest mode of construction in Newfoundland and Labrador using the full studded method and a rare, remaining example. With a three bay facade the simplicity of the house is set off through the use of 3/6 and 6/6 single hung windows. The pronounced rain caps are bracketed with bold drip mouldings and the front facade is in striking contrast with the rear where a single door is the only feature.

The historical value of Heber John Abbott House is defined by its age since it is estimated to have been built between 1840 and 1860. Since few ordinary houses remain from this time it is an important reminder of an earlier era. It is representative of a typical home of the time and an average person may have owned a house of this type.

Source: Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador property file “Bonavista - Heber John Abbott House – FPT 200”

Character Defining Elements

All those exterior elements that define the architecture of the building, including:
-3 bay facade;
-2 storey structure;
-prominent rain caps supported by large brackets;
-hip roof;
-central chimney;
-wide corner boards;
-narrow wooden clapboard, and;
-single rear entrance.

Location and History

Community Bonavista
Municipality Town of Bonavista
Civic Address Cape Shore Road
Construction (circa) 1840 - 1860
Builder
James Way of Bonavista (possibly)
Style 19th Century Vernacular
Building Plan Square