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John Quinton Limited Residence Registered Heritage Structure

John Quinton Limited Residence, Red Cliffe, NL
John Quinton Limited Residence, Red Cliffe, NL
John Quinton Limited, Red Cliffe, NL

Statement of Significance

Formal Recognition Type

Registered Heritage Structure

Description of Historic Place

John Quinton Limited is a collection of five buildings, including a residence, shop, fish store, salt store and post office. Located in Red Cliffe, NL, the construction of this complex began in 1840. The designation is confined to the footprint of the buildings.

Heritage Value

John Quinton Limited was designated a Registered Heritage Structure by the Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador in 1994 because of its historic, aesthetic and cultural value.

The buildings have historic value because of their association with the Quinton family and their role as merchants in the community. John Quinton Limited serves as a representative example of the roots of outport autonomy, when locals began to set up their own merchant premises independent of larger outside firms. In the late 1800s, these small outport mercantile and provisioning operations concentrating on the salt fish trade began to supply smaller communities, gradually replacing outside agents representing merchants from larger commercial centres. While still participating in the truck system, outport residents now had more choice in terms of the firm they dealt with.

John Quinton Residence has aesthetic value as is a good example of outport merchant class housing in the late 1800s. The scale and massing of the house set it apart from others in the community and speak to its ownership by an affluent family. This three-storey house is an excellent outport example of Second Empire style housing, with its concave-curved mansard roof, dormers, decorative eaves and symmetrical facade.

The other buildings have cultural value as they are a physical reminder of a specific time and place, particularly of a time when life was intrinsically linked to the sea. The fish and salt stores served a vital purpose in a subsistence economy based on the procurement, curing and storage of fish. Within the walls of the shop, fishermen would collect goods earned from their summer work. Both the shop and the post office would often be the scene of social gatherings where local news was shared and recent events were discussed.

Source: Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador property file “Red Cliffe - John Quinton Limited - FPT 371, 372, 373, 374"

Character Defining Elements

All elements that define the building's Second Empire design including:
-number of storeys;
-mansard roof;
-chimney style and placement;
-return on eaves;
-bargeboard on eaves;
-narrow wooden clapboard;
-wooden corner boards;
-window size, style, trim and placement;
-dormer placement and style;
-dormer window size, style, trim and placement;
-size, style, trim and placement of exterior doors;
-entablature with brackets above front door;
-size and style of veranda on front façade, and;
-dimension, location and orientation of building.

Location and History

Community Red Cliffe
Construction 1884 - 1884
Builder
David Marshall
Style Second Empire
Building Plan Rectangular Long Façade