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Leaside Manor - City of St. John's Heritage Site

Leaside Manor, Topsail Road
Leaside Manor, Topsail Road

Statement of Significance

Formal Recognition Type

City of St. John's Heritage Building, Structure, Land or Area

Description of Historic Place

The Lea is a two-storey Tudor Revival style building located at 39 Topsail Road, St. John’s. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Lea has been designated a heritage site by the City of St. John's because of its architectural and historical values.

Architecturally, The Lea is significant because it is one of the only Tudor revival style mansions in Newfoundland. Built in 1920, the style of this house was inspired by the architecture in the United Kingdom. This two-storey, cedar shingled building boasts many of the features typical of the Tudor style including an asymmetrical façade, small diamond shaped leaded-glass windows and a dominant front facing gable. Aside from the sheer size of this home, the wealth of the original occupants was also translated through its exterior decoration. Eaves bracketing and finials were used to highlight the roof and bay windows while arched doorways and columns brought attention to the entranceways. Inspired by the low beam ceiling in the Doulton family home in Scotland, one of the unique aspects of The Lea is the large reception hall with its paneled walls.

Historically, The Lea is significant because of the prominent family associated with it. The original owner, John Parker, was best known for the famous Newfoundland shoe Company, Parker and Monroe, which he gained ownership of from his father, James Francis Parker. During the early 20th century many residents of Newfoundland and Labrador relied heavily on the urban distributors for supplies, in this case durable footwear. Along with several outlets that sold shoes and boots, the family also ran a shoe manufacturing plant that produced up to 100,000 pairs of shoes annually.

Character Defining Elements

All original features which relate to the age and design of the building in the Tudor Revival style, including:
-the multi-gabled roof, diamond shaped leaded glass windows, row windows, arched doorways;
-wooden shingle siding;
-asymmetrical facade;
-original windows including fanlights over doors;
-original doors including leaded-glass insert;
-location and appearance of bay windows;
-exterior decoration including large decorative eaves, finials, eaves brackets;
-location and appearance of shed dormers;
-moulded trim along windows and doors;
-all interior features that reflect the age and the design of the building; and,
-building height and general dimensions.

Location and History

Community St. John's
Municipality City of St. John's
Civic Address 039 Topsail Road
Construction 1922 - 1921
Architect
Mr. MacCarter
Style Tudor Revival
Building Plan Other