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Joseph and Caroline Tilley Property Registered Heritage Structure

Joseph and Caroline Tilley Property
Joseph and Caroline Tilley Property
Joseph and Caroline Tilley Property

Statement of Significance

Formal Recognition Type

Registered Heritage Structure

Description of Historic Place

The Joseph and Caroline Tilley Property consists of a two-storey Salt box style wooden dwelling and a number of wooden outbuildings and associated structures located in Summerville, Bonavista Bay. The designation is confined to the property.


Heritage Value

The Joseph and Caroline Tilley Property has been designated a Registered Heritage Structure by the Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador because it has architectural and cultural value.

Architecturally, the Joseph and Caroline Tilley Property is significant because it is a good example of a typical fisherman’s property common to rural Newfoundland in the mid 19th century. Built around 1865 by the Tilley family, this house is a traditional second generation Saltbox dwelling with a wood pillar foundation, representative of the building styles and materials common to the region. Double hung 3/3 and 3/6 windows create a symmetrical front façade while minimal exterior decoration reflects the fact that functionality was n important aspect of the Tilley’s lives. Many of the associated outbuildings and structures remain on the property, including a stage, tool shed, wharf and root cellar. Built using local materials, these outbuildings and structures are uncomplicated in design and decoration, reflective of their utilitarian uses. The exterior clapboard of the outbuildings has been painted a red ochre colour, typical of outbuildings in Newfoundland.

Culturally, the Joseph and Caroline Tilley Property is significant because it is a physical reminder of Newfoundland’s fishing past. The house itself is located on a large lot which was once suitable for farming and animal husbandry, and its exposure to the ocean made it an ideal place for fisherman to work. Outbuildings used to make and mend nets are situated on the land, a reflection of the self-sufficiency of Newfoundland fisherman. As a whole, this property is significant for the people of Summerville in that it tells a storey of their past involvement in the fishery, a past which shaped the culture of the Bonavista region.

Source: Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador property file “Summerville - Joseph and Caroline Tilley Property – FPT 384”

Character Defining Elements

All original features which relate to the age and style of the property including:
-Second generation saltbox style
-Narrow wooden clapboard
-Wooden post foundation
-Symmetrical main facade
-Location and dimensions of 3/3 and 3/6 double hung windows
-Un-adorned exterior
-Plain flat mouldings surrounding doors and windows
-Dimensions and location of house
-Location of house in relation to associated outbuildings and structures
All original features which relate to the age and style of the outbuildings including:
-Narrow wooden clapboard
-Dimensions and location
-Traditional paint colour
-All elements that reflect the original intended use of buildings
-Dimensions and location of wharf

Location and History

Community Summerville
Construction 1860 - 1860
Builder
Joseph Tilley
Style 19th Century Vernacular
Building Plan Rectangular Long Façade