The Grenfell Plaques are situated behind Grenfell House Museum on Tea House Hill, overlooking St. Anthony, NL. It is the burial site of Dr. Wilfred Grenfell, his wife and four of their medical missionary colleagues, whose cremated remains are entombed in a large boulder to which commemorative bronze plaques are attached. The designation includes the footprint of the boulder, plus one metre of ground from its base.
Statement of Significance
Formal Recognition Type
Municipal Heritage Building, Structure or Land
The Grenfell Plaques have been designated a municipal heritage site by the Town of St. Anthony due to their historic and aesthetic value. The Grenfell Plaques have great historic value in connection to Dr. Wilfred T. Grenfell and the International Grenfell Association. Grenfell, a medical missionary from England, arrived in Northern Newfoundland on behalf of the Royal National Mission to Deep Sea Fishermen in 1892. In 1900 he established a hospital to serve the region at St. Anthony, and eventually moved the headquarters of the philanthropic International Grenfell Association there. These were key developments in the history of the small community and vicinity, not only in terms of enormous progress in health and social services, but pivotal in establishing St. Anthony as a major centre for the Northern Newfoundland-Southern Labrador region. Grenfell was made a Knight Commander of St. Michael and St. George in 1927, and has been otherwise honoured during his lifetime and posthumously for his philanthropy and legacy. The Grenfell Plaques are located on the rear grounds of Grenfell House, a Registered Heritage Structure which was once the family residence and then a staff house for the International Grenfell Association. After Dr. Grenfell died in Vermont in 1940, his ashes were returned to St. Anthony and entombed in a boulder at the rear of the property. The ashes of his wife, Anne (MacClanahan) Grenfell, who played a key role in the missionary work, along with four other colleagues (Dr. Samuel Curtis, his wife Harriott Curtis, Dr. Mason Little and Nurse Selma Carlson) are also individually entombed there. Plaques inscribed with their names, dates and epitaphs are attached to the boulder. The Grenfell Plaques have aesthetic value because they enhance the grounds of Grenfell House, and because of their appearance as a distinctive commemorative site nestled into the natural landscape. Six similarly sized and styled rectangular bronze plaques are neatly affixed to the boulder, marking the interment sites and commemorating the contributions of the honoured deceased. Source: Town of St. Anthony Council Meeting, Minutes of 2008/02/05
Character Defining Elements
-location and proximity to Grenfell House; -boulder with entombments; -inscribed bronze plaques; -and cohesive size and style of plaques.
Location and History
Town of St. Anthony
Tea House Hill
1940 - 1940